Basic Character Animation In Maya With Twelve Principles


Basic Character Animation In Maya With Twelve Principles of Animation Disney’s Twelve Basic Principles of Animation may be a set of principles of animation introduced by the Walt Disney Walter Elias Disney|film maker|filmmaker|film producer|movie maker animators Ollie general and Frank Thomas in their 1981 book The Illusion of Life Disney Animation.Johnston and Thomas successively based mostly their book on the work of the leading film maker animators from the Thirties forwards, and their effort to provide a lot of realistic animations.

Basic Character Animation In Maya

Squash and stretch

Illustration of the “squash and stretch”-principle: Example A shows a ball bouncing with a rigid, non-dynamic movement. In example  the ball is squashed at impact, and stretched throughout fall and rebound.


Anticipation is used to arrange the audience for associate an action, and to form the action seem a lot of realistic. A dancer jumping off the ground should bend his knees initial; a linksman creating a swing should swing the club back first. The technique may also be used for fewer physical actions, like a personality trying off-screen to anticipate someone’s arrival, or attention specializing in associate degree object that a personality is close to devour.


This principle is akin on staging because it is thought in theatre and film. Its purpose is to direct the audience’s attention, and build it clear what’s of greatest importance during a scene;Johnston and Thomas outlined it as “the presentation of any plan in order that it’s utterly and signally clear”, whether or not that concept is associate action, a personality , associate an expression or a mood.

Straight Ahead Action and Pose to Pose

These area completely different approaches to the particular drawing method. “Straight ahead action” suggests that drawing out a scene frame by frame from commencing to finish, whereas “pose to pose” involves beginning with drawing many key frames, and so filling within the intervals later. “Straight ahead action” creates a a lot of fluid, dynamic illusion of movement, and is healthier for manufacturing realistic action sequences.

Follow Through and Overlapping Action

Follow through and overlapping action may be a general heading for 2 closely connected techniques that facilitate to render movement a lot of realistically, and facilitate to grant the impression that characters follow the laws of physics, as well as the principle of inertia.

Slow In and slow Out

The movement of the human body, and most other objects, needs time to accelerate and slow down. For this reason, animation looks more realistic if it has more drawings near the beginning and end of an action, emphasizing the extreme poses, and fewer in the middle.illustration.

Using Arcs

Most process natural action tends to follow an arched, and animation should to adhere to the present principle by following understood “arcs” for bigger realism. this could apply to a limb moving by rotating a joint, or a thrown object moving on a parabolic trajectory .

Secondary Action

Adding secondary actions to the most action offers a scene a lot of life, and may facilitate to support the most action. someone walking will at the same time swing his arms or keep them in his pockets, he will speak or whistle, or he will categorical emotions through facial expressions.

Fundamentals of Animation Timing and Spacing

Basic Character Animation Timing (animation)” redirects here. For the animation technique, see interference (animation).
Timing refers to the quantity of drawings or frames for a given action, that interprets to the speed of the action on film.On a strictly physical level, correct temporal arrangement makes objects seem to adjust the laws of physics; as an example, associate correct timing  object’s weight determines however it reacts to associate  impetus, sort of a push.


Exaggeration is an impact particularly helpful for animation, as excellent imitation of reality will look static and uninteresting in cartoons. the amount of exaggeration depends on whether or not one seeks realism or a selected particular style , sort of a caricature or the fashion of associate creative person.

Solid drawing

Basic Character Animation The principle of solid drawing suggests that taking into consideration forms in three-dimensional area, giving them volume and weight. The animator must be a talented drafts person and should perceive the fundamentals of three-dimensional shapes, anatomy, weight, balance, light-weight and shadow, etc.


Basic Character Animation Appeal in a cartoon character corresponds to what would be called charisma in an actor.A character who is appealing is not necessarily sympathetic – villains or monsters can also be appealing – the important thing is that the viewer feels the character is real and interesting.

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